Mouth ulcers or canker sores are white spots surrounded by a reddish, inflamed area that appear on the lips and gums. They are painful and can make it very for you to talk and chew. If you have canker sores, he must be in pain. These ulcers are painful sores, round or oval in shape mostly formed on the inner side of cheeks and lips. They are usually white, red, yellow or grey in color and are red and swollen around the edge. These sores can cause severe discomfort while eating, & speaking. Commonly these ulcers are caused due to trauma, biting your cheek or from food, tooth filling, vigorous brushing, constant rubbing against braces or dentures or poor oral hygiene. Oral ulcers can take up to 2 weeks to heal and can be caused due to a variety of reasons ranging from vitamin deficiency, constipation, acidity, stress, rich or spicy food or an accidental cheek bite.
Causes of mouth ulcer
Mouth ulcers can be caused by a wide range of factors including:
- accidental biting of the inside of your cheek
- injury from a toothbrush (such as slipping while brushing)
- constant rubbing against misaligned or sharp teeth
- constant rubbing against dentures or braces
- poor oral hygiene
- burns from eating hot food
- irritation from strong antiseptics, such as a mouthwash
- oral thrush infection
- viral infections such as the herpes simplex viral infection (cold sore)
- reaction to certain medications
- skin rashes in the mouth (for example, lichen planus)
- autoimmune diseases, and
- underlying gastrointestinal disease.
Best ways to tackling mouth ulcer
Honey has many beneficial properties in it. However, you may be unaware of the fact that it can also be an effective cure for mouth ulcers. Apply honey on the ulcers and let it remain. Since the ulcers are inside the mouth, you can accidentally ingest the applied honey along with your saliva. However, it is essential that you keep applying honey on the ulcer spots after every few hours.
Honey has antimicrobial properties and can aid in repairing any open wound quickly. Aside from reducing the ulcer, the honey also protects the area from infections.
2. Baking soda:
Baking soda is actually a chemical compound named sodium bicarbonate. This compound is used in many home-cleaning solutions. It also acts as one of the best mouth ulcer cure, as it can reduce the pain significantly. The baking soda neutralizes the acid formed by the ulcer, which eventually treats the condition. Take equal amounts of baking soda and water. Mix them to create a thick paste. Apply this paste on the mouth ulcer and let it dry out. Once the mixture has dried, rinse your mouth with water and gargle as well. This should be done three times each day.
3. Orange juice:
Orange is a great source of Vitamin C, which can prevent and aid mouth ulcers. However consuming a whole orange may be difficult when you are suffering from these ulcers. A great cure for mouth ulcer is to drink two glasses of freshly squeezed orange juice every day.
Research has shown that Vitamin C deficiency can lead to mouth ulcers. Apart from this, Vitamin C is known to boost the immunity of a person, allowing their body to fight against all kinds of infections and diseases.
4. Clove oil:
Clove is an essential part of one of the most used spice mix. Clove oil is extracted from the flower bud. This extract is used in a wide range of natural remedies, including tooth ache and mouth ulcers. In case of mouth ulcers, take a small piece of cotton and apply the oil directly on the ulcer. Wait till the ulcer tissue absorbs the oil.
Remember to rinse your mouth with warm water prior to the application of the clove oil. This will clean up the surface of the ulcer region. Clove contains eugenol and antimicrobial properties that help deal with all oral issues. The pain and inflammation is also treated by the application of this oil.
5. Turmeric powder:
Turmeric is an antiseptic, which is used in almost all Indian dishes. Along with fighting infections, turmeric is also effective in battling against the inflammation and pain from the mouth ulcers. The product has antimicrobial properties as well. Take a bit of turmeric powder and some water. Mix to form a thick paste. Apply this paste on the ulcers every morning and evening. Leave it on for a few minutes and then rinse it off properly. You should start noticing the difference immediately.
6. Aloe vera gel:
Another famous household remedy, aloe vera is a great choice to heal mouth ulcers in children too. The leaf provides relief from the pain, and their antibacterial and healing properties contribute towards the health of the gums. You can either apply the gel on the affected area or mix it with water and use it as a rinse thrice a day for great results. If you choose the latter option, then make sure to use cold water to mix the gel with – this provides relief from the pain and the kids will enjoy it too. However, this remedy is used in the wrong way mostly, so it should be tried only if the child is old. And do try this remedy, only after consulting with your doctor.
7. Liquor ice:
You can soak a tablespoon of liquor ice root in two cups of water, and make your child gargle the water a few times a day in order to heal the mouth ulcer. If you have the root in the powdered form, then the best option would be to mix it with a little bit of turmeric or honey, and then applying it over the affected area. The liquorice will act as a demulcent, and it also has anti-inflammatory properties which help reduce the pain and swelling around the ulcer. Even if you apply it when the mouth ulcer is at its most potent, you will see instant results the open lesions become relaxed and the red color decreases. However, this remedy should be tried only for older children.
These are some of the home remedies that will likely cure mouth ulcers. However, there are several kinds of mouth ulcers, each with a different cause and treatment. Some mouth ulcers where bleeding occurs may be more severe than normal ulcers. Try out these hacks and see whether you receive any benefits from them. If you do not notice any improvement, you should visit the doctor immediately. The best way to avoid mouth ulcers however is to avoid over stressing yourself, maintaining a proper oral hygiene and following a balanced diet. If you take these precautions, mouth ulcers can be easily avoided
But if you already have mouth ulcer, avoid some food and drinks to prevent the condition from deteriorating further. For instance, you should avoid tea, coffee, oily and spicy foods, and other allergic foods.