Whether you are a man or a woman, dark circles are a nightmare to everyone and as much as you try and avoid them, with insufficient care and lack of protection, you are doomed to have them. Ranging from stress, lack of sleep, hormonal changes to a disturbed lifestyle, there can be many reasons for dark circles to appear under your eyes. Once a person understands why dark circles develop under their eyes, they can select an appropriate treatment. Some people change their lifestyle habits, while others turn to treatments and products that they find in beauty stores. While these are likely safe, most of these home treatments may be ineffective.
People may not be able to remove dark eye circles altogether, but several techniques and remedies can help minimize their appearance.
Why we suffer from dark circles
Over time, skin naturally loses collagen and grows thinner, so regardless of what kind of skin you have or what good habits you maintain, veins will inevitably start to show through the thin skin around your eyes. As we already know, exposure to the sun speeds up the process of collagen breaking down, so your best weapon against under-eye circles are disciplined and consistent sunblock application habits from a young age.
The best habits, however, can’t change your genes! Genetics are the biggest determinant of what kind of skin we will have and what we’ll look like as we age. Those of us that have inherited fair or thin skin tend to show under circles more easily than others due to the fact that when our blood pools in the capillaries under our eyes, it’s simply more obvious through lighter skin. Unfortunately, as more and more blood accumulates there, your delicate capillaries begin to stretch and strain under the weight, leading to more leaking and blood pooling and ultimately even darker under eye circles.
Yet for others, dark under eye circles and under eye bags aren’t caused by either aging, sun bathing or genetics. Sometimes it’s a simple matter of allergies. Year-round allergies like those to dust or mold, or seasonal allergies many of us experience in the spring trigger the release of histamines, which cause an inflammatory response. That means our blood vessels become inflamed and swell including those under our eyes.
- Fatigue: Fatigue can occur as a consequence of sleep deprivation, physical and mental exertion, or even oversleeping. All of these can cause dark circles under your eyes. Deprivation of sleep can cause your eyes to look puffy and make the skin look pale over time. This can make the dark circles more apparent. Dark circles may be shadows of puffy eyelids.
- Age: In most cases, as you become older, dark circles appear as a result of excessive pigmentation. When you grow old, the skin around your eyes can become thinner and lose collagen. This, in turn, increases the visibility of the dark blood vessels underneath your skin.
- Dehydration: Inadequate hydration can make your skin look pale and dull. Your eyes can have a sunken appearance, making the skin in the surrounding area look darker.
- Exposure To The Sun: Your skin can overproduce melanin on exposure to the sun for long periods. This may lead to pigmentation in the skin around your eyes.
How to get rid of dark circles
1. Elevate your head while sleeping:
People who experience darkening of the skin under their eyes in the morning that fades slightly throughout the day may have increased blood vessels or vasculature around their eyes. The darker color can also be the result of swelling. By elevating the head during sleep, blood will travel away from the head and face and may reduce swelling and lessen the dark color under the eyes.
2. Vitamin C:
Vitamin C can increase collagen production. Increasing collagen production under the eyes can reduce blood stasis, which may cause discoloration. Blood stasis refers to blood that pools in blood vessels.
People may notice an improved appearance of dark circles under their eyes when using beauty products with high concentrations of vitamin C.
Potatoes are a surprising source of lots of vitamin C, which among other things is great for the synthesis of collagen to promote healthier, younger-looking skin.
To harness the power of vitamin C to treat your under eye bags, grate some potatoes. Extract the juice from the potato and soak some cotton makeup remover pads in the juice. Place the pads on your eyes for about 10 minutes and then rinse with warm water.
Not sleeping the appropriate number of hours each night can have dire effects on the mind and body, skin included. Fatigue is one of the main causes of dark circles. So putting in the extra effort to sleep the recommended seven to nine hours each night will leave you and your skin feeling and looking refreshed. Here’s a tip: Sleep on your back and invest in a silk pillowcase. Rough pillowcases cause irritation to the skin. Sleeping on your back with a silk pillowcase ensures that your skin will stay protected and, even if you do switch positions during the night, your face won’t pay the price.
5. Reduce Alcohol consumption:
Along with weakening your immune system, alcohol also dehydrates the body. That’s why a night out on the town usually leads to red, puffy eyes and a look of fatigue the next morning. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, moderate drinking is no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. Cutting back on alcohol can improve your health and reduce the chances of waking up with dark circles.
6. Vitamin E oil:
Vitamin E has antioxidant properties. These antioxidants assist in maintaining the health of your blood and skin, among other things. Hanging in the sun without protection from the UV lights can decrease vitamin E levels in the skin, meaning wrinkles, dry skin and, you guessed it, dark under-eye circles. To keep the skin nourished with vitamin E, gently massage a few drops under your eyes each night before heading to bed.
Some people may not like the appearance of dark circles under their eyes and experience low self-esteem and reduced quality of life as a result, but it is important to remember that they are harmless. Several medical treatments and home remedies can help reduce the appearance of dark eye circles.
Although most of these treatments are safe to use, research has not confirmed their effectiveness in reducing dark eye circles.