Many of us have faced the issue of skin pigmentation, dark spots, freckles and an uneven skin tone. It is very disturbing and embarrassing to step out with even one spot. Whether it is sun spots, age spots, freckles, sun damage, or melasma  skin pigmentation is a common issue. While imperfections can be beautiful, you cannot deny that if not appropriately addressed, those tiny brown spots adorning your cheeks or nose can become a real problem. Hyper-pigmentation is usually harmless. However, it may also indicate an underlying medical condition.

  If you got these spots because you didn’t take proper care of your skin, you can take steps to fade them. You can use natural methods instead of resorting to laser treatment. But first let’s look at the meaning of skin pigmentation.

What’s skin pigmentation:

  Any discoloration of the skin is known as pigmentation. This common problem  in which you develop darker patches on your skin – is faced by both men and women. It is caused by excess melanin, the pigment that gives you your natural skin tone. When this pigment forms a deposit in the skin, it causes pigmentation (or hyper-pigmentation).

Causes of skin pigmentation:

  • Heat: Over exposure to heat is one of the most common environmental causes to pigmentation. The melanin producing cells are disturbed due to which pigmentation occurs. Just like UV radiation affects the melanocytes, even thermal radiation affects the melanocytes which results in hyper-pigmentation.
  • Injury: Sometimes after the wound caused by an injury heals, there is still a slight inflammation. This inflamed area can later develop pigmentation.
  • Medication: Certain specified medicines can cause skin pigmentation as a side effect during their use in treatment.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases also cause discoloration of skin like jaundice and cyanosis. In jaundice the skin develops a yellow tinge whereas in cyanosis the skin appears blue as there isn’t sufficient circulation of oxygen on the blood, and.

Here are some simple tips to help you reduce skin pigmentation naturally and acquire healthy, glowing skin.

How to Remove Skin Pigmentation

  • Potato juice:

  The Vitamin-C in Potato boosts collagen production which helps to maintain skin elasticity and firmness, while Zinc heals and protects damaged tissues. It removes dead skin cells and impurities from the skin. The presence of mild bleaching properties reduces the melanin production, lowers hyper pigmentation and lightens the skin effectively.

  What to do: Slice the potato into two halves and put some drops of water on their surface. Rub the sliced potato on your pigmentation such that the juice can act on your skin. Next let it remain on for 30 minutes. Finally, wash your skin off with water.

  • Lemon:

  Lemon is a potent bleaching agent and has skin lightening properties. It is used in many skin lightening formulations, such as Lucederm, Meladerm, and Skin Bright. However, lemon juice can irritate sensitive skin, so do a patch test on your arm before using it. Also, make sure that you apply sunscreen after using this remedy because lemon juice can make your skin photosensitive.

What to do: All you need to do is cut a lemon into halves, take one half and gently rub it around your mouth area for about ten to fifteen minutes. Finish it off with a rinse.

  • Red onion:

  Red onion is often used in scar lightening creams. A study done on mushroom tyrosinase found that the skin of red onion contains ingredients with potential for skin-whitening cosmetics. It is one of the most effective ways to reduce pigmentation of skin, dark spots, freckles etc. You would need to slice up an onion and rub it directly on the affected areas. Alternatively, you may grate the onion, squeeze out its juice and apply.

 What to do: Take a slice of red onion and rub it on the affected area. Let it stay for ten minutes and then wash it off. Repeat the treatment two times daily.

  • Tomato juice:

  Due to the presence of lycopene in tomatoes, the skin is protected against short-term and long-term aspects of photodamage. It is well-known for skin lightening and removing tanning, reducing spots and pigmentation by neutralizing the effect of harmful UV rays.

 What to do: Just slice a tomato, rub on the skin for a few minutes. Add some honey to this routine for a golden glow.

  • Turmeric:

  Turmeric is a common ingredient in the Indian kitchens and is also widely used due to its medicinal properties. Its sunflower golden powder possesses bleaching properties to keep the dark spots away, balances the pH of the skin and enhances the skin glow, making it as radiant as ever.

 What to do: Make a paste of a few drops of lemon juice and tablespoon of turmeric powder. Apply this paste for fifteen minutes and wash with lukewarm water. A paste of milk and turmeric can be used in the same way.

  • Orange peel:

  Being a rich source of citric acid (an outstanding bleaching agent), orange reduces the melanin deposits, fade dark spots, blemishes and revitalizes the skin.

This, when added to Multani mitti, honey, lemon juice, and milk, becomes an excellent remedy for pigmented skin, dark spots and skin blemishes.

What to do: Make a paste of dried orange peel, honey, Multani mitti, lemon juice, and apply this pack on the pigmented areas. Wait for it to dry. Once dry, use your fingers and little water to massage the skin in a circular motion for about two minutes.

Wash with lukewarm water. Use this skin booster pack three to four times a week to exfoliate dead skin cells and regenerate new skin cells.

  • Aloe vera:

  It contains mucilaginous polysaccharides that reduce dead skin cells and helps in the regeneration of new cells. Aloe provides a soothing effect to your skin. The active ingredients aloesin or aloin are present in aloe has been proven to have skin lightening properties.

What to do: Apply aloe vera gel directly to the pigmented skin to reduce pigmentation over time. Few drops of honey with aloe vera gel can be applied on the skin for ten minutes for desired results.



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